Different languages have great differences in syntax, vocabulary and rhetoric. What are the common translation methods?
Inversion: in Chinese, attributive embellishments and adverbial embellishments are often located before the embellished ones; In English, many embellishments are often located after the embellishment, so the word order of the original text is often reversed in translation. Inversion method is usually used in English-Chinese translation, that is, long English sentences are exchanged back and forth according to the Chinese habitual expression method, and all are inverted according to the meaning group or. The principle is to make the arrangement of Chinese translated sentences fit the general logical order of modern Chinese logical narration. Sometimes inversion is also used in Chinese-English translation.
Inclusion method: the so-called inclusion means that when translating a long sentence from one language into another language, the post component of language a is placed before the central word according to the normal word order of language b, so that the embellishment component forms a pre inclusion in language B. However, the embellishment component should not be too long, otherwise it will cause procrastination or entanglement in the connection of B sentence components.
Insertion method: it refers to inserting difficult sentence elements into the translated sentence with dashes, brackets or commas. This method is mainly used in translation. Occasionally, it is also used in interpretation, that is, apposition, parenthesis or attributive clause are used to deal with some explanatory elements.
Reorganization method: in order to make the translation circulate and more in line with the Chinese narrative theory, on the basis of clarifying the structure of long sentences and understanding the original meaning of words, completely get rid of the word order and sentence form of the original text and recombine the sentences.
Comprehensive method: it refers to the method of using conversion method, inversion method, addition method, province method, syntax splitting and other translation skills together on the basis of logical analysis.