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俄语翻译的注意有什么
2023-02-15 20:14:54 作者:小原翻译|VISITORS: 410|来源:互联网
15

Feb
2023

  不同的语言有不同的表达方式,进行俄语翻译的时候要注意语法的运用,下面佛山翻译公司带大家了解俄语翻译的注意有什么?

  Different languages have different ways of expression. When translating

  Russian, we should pay attention to the use of grammar. What do you pay

  attention to in Russian translation?

  1、词义的引申

  1. Extension of word meaning

  汉语和俄语由于使用习惯不同,有许多词或词组,从原文上下文来看并不费解。可是,如果按其词面意义直接翻译,就会显得生硬、逻辑不通。这种情况下,应当引申词语的意义,选择合适的表达方式,灵活处理原文中的一些词句,在忠实原文的基础上翻译。

  Due to different usage habits, Chinese and Russian have many words or

  phrases, which are not difficult to understand from the context of the original

  text. However, if it is translated directly according to its literal meaning, it

  will appear stiff and illogical. In this case, we should extend the meaning of

  words, choose appropriate ways of expression, flexibly deal with some words and

  sentences in the original text, and translate on the basis of faithfulness to

  the original text.

  2、用词的准确性

  2. Accuracy of words

  俄语和汉语大多数词都是一词多义,原文的词义在译文中可以找到几个相同意思的词汇,因此,在选词时,必须根据原稿件中的上下文来选择合适的词汇。

  Most words in Russian and Chinese are polysemy. Several words with the same

  meaning can be found in the translation of the original word meaning. Therefore,

  when selecting words, we must choose the appropriate words according to the

  context in the original manuscript.

  3、词量的增减

  3. Increase or decrease of word quantity

  许多情况下,俄语词与词之间的搭配习惯与汉语有明显的不同,在俄语翻译中,可能俄语几个词之间的搭配,在翻译成汉语时会产生重复,如果直接译成汉语,译文会显得啰嗦。这种情况下,俄语译成汉语需要把原文中那些没有实际意义的词省去不译,这样译文才能简洁明了。

  In many cases, the collocation habits between Russian words are obviously

  different from those in Chinese. In Russian translation, the collocation between

  several Russian words may be repeated when translated into Chinese. If directly

  translated into Chinese, the translation will appear wordy. In this case, the

  translation of Russian into Chinese needs to omit the words that have no

  practical meaning in the original text, so that the translation can be concise

  and clear.

  4、词类和句子成分的转换

  4. Conversion of parts of speech and sentence components

  汉语和俄语在词汇的构成和造句上存在着很大差异,如果只是按照原文生搬硬套的翻译词汇,就会使译文不伦不类,因此,为了确切的表达原文,应当根据两种语言的语法、修辞习惯来转换词类;在表达同一内容时,可采用一些与原文不同的语言手段来替换原文中不能硬译的语言形式。需要注意的是,代换只是词类形式的交换,而不是内容的随意改变。

  There are great differences in the composition of words and sentence making

  between Chinese and Russian. If only the words are translated mechanically

  according to the original text, it will make the translation nondescript.

  Therefore, in order to accurately express the original text, the parts of speech

  should be changed according to the grammar and rhetorical habits of the two

  languages; When expressing the same content, some language means different from

  the original text can be used to replace the language forms that cannot be hard

  translated in the original text. It should be noted that substitution is only

  the exchange of parts of speech forms, not the random change of content.


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