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科技翻译员需要具备怎样的素质?
2023-11-08 19:01:04 作者:小原翻译|VISITORS: 240|来源:互联网
08

Nov
2023

  科技翻译需要适应新经济时代的要求,那么译员在进行科技翻译时需要具备怎样的素质,下面佛山翻译公司带大家了解:

  Scientific and technological translation needs to adapt to the requirements of the new economic era. What qualities do translators need to have in scientific and technological translation? Shangyu translation company will take you to know:

  一、新经济时代科技翻译工作者应具有的素质

  1、 The qualities that science and technology translators should have in the new economic era

  1.科学素养

  1. Scientific literacy

  新经济时代,科技翻译人员应有科学意识,知识渊博,涉猎多门学科,了解所译学科的专业知识。

  In the new economic era, science and technology translators should have scientific awareness, be knowledgeable, be involved in many disciplines and understand the professional knowledge of the translated disciplines.

  随着科技的发展,新的知识、概念、术语不断涌现,同一单词在不同领域里表达不同的意思,专业不同,意思迥异。

  With the development of science and technology, new knowledge, concepts and terms are emerging. The same word expresses different meanings in different fields, different majors and different meanings.

  要译好有关学科的文献(如论文、技术资料、招投标文件、技术规范、产品说明书等)将是困难的。

  It will be difficult to translate the literature of relevant disciplines (such as papers, technical data, bidding documents, technical specifications, product specifications, etc.).

  再如水利水电行业涉及水文学、气象学、工程地质与水文地质、测量学、水力学、岩土力学、电工学和土木建筑等基础科学,及与水法、水利规划、水土保持和生态环境、水资源保护、水工建筑物、金属结构、水利机械、机电与电气设备、自动化控制、高压输电、电信、计算机、大坝监测等几十门专业。

  For another example, the water conservancy and hydropower industry involves basic sciences such as hydrology, meteorology, engineering geology and hydrogeology, surveying, hydraulics, geotechnical mechanics, electrical engineering and civil architecture, as well as water law, water conservancy planning, soil and water conservation and ecological environment, water resources protection, hydraulic buildings, metal structures, water conservancy machinery, electromechanical and electrical equipment, automatic control, high-voltage power transmission Dozens of specialties such as telecommunications, computer and dam monitoring.

  要做好水利水电方面的科技翻译,译员应熟知上述专业知识,译文读起来才有专业味道;否则,不能充分体现技术文献中的“科技语言”,影响译文的表达和质量。

  To do a good job in scientific and technological translation of water conservancy and hydropower, translators should be familiar with the above professional knowledge, and the translation can have a professional flavor only when it is read; Otherwise, it can not fully reflect the "scientific and technological language" in the technical literature and affect the expression and quality of the translation.

  2.专业能力

  2. Professional competence

  (1)表达和理解能力

  (1) Ability to express and understand

  表达是建立在理解的基础上的,理解的深浅正确与否影响译文的质量。对原文的理解越透彻,对原文所体现的专业知识了解得越深入,译文的表达就越确切。只有通过透彻的理解和准确的表达才能产生好的译文。

  Expression is based on understanding. The depth of understanding affects the quality of translation. The more thorough the understanding of the original text and the deeper the understanding of the professional knowledge embodied in the original text, the more accurate the expression of the translation. Only through thorough understanding and accurate expression can a good translation be produced.

  理解并不是翻译,只是翻译的**阶段,也是基础阶段。辨义为翻译之本,理解是表达的前提和开端,表达是理解的目的和结果。对原文做出谬误的理解,结果必然是谬误的表达。只有在正确、全面、准确地理解这一前提下才能谈表达。表达是在理解的基础上进行的。

  Understanding is not only the first stage of translation, but also the basic stage. Distinguishing meaning is the foundation of translation, understanding is the premise and beginning of expression, and expression is the purpose and result of understanding. If you make a false understanding of the original text, the result must be a false expression. Only under the premise of correct, comprehensive and accurate understanding can we talk about expression. Expression is based on understanding.

  科技翻译应重理解、次表达。法国释义派翻译理论研究人员提出对原文“理解一一脱离原文的语言形式一一表达”这一翻译程序。就语言本身而言,理解其表层意义不难,难的是理解其深层意义、联想意义,难在“言外之意”。

  Scientific and technological translation should emphasize understanding and secondary expression. French hermeneutic translation theory researchers put forward the translation procedure of "understanding one by one from the language form of the original text and expressing one by one". As far as language itself is concerned, it is not difficult to understand its surface meaning, but its deep meaning and associative meaning.


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