ode 和 elegy 的区别。
The key difference between ode and elegy is that ode praises or glorifies someone or something while elegy mourns over the loss of someone or something.
An ode is formal and elaborate, while an elegy is not formal. In odes, the subjects are treated reverently, and throughout the poem, glorification of its subject can be seen. An elegy is more personal and contains emotions like grief, bereavement, woe, and lamentation.
An ode is a kind of lyrical stanza. It is an intricately structured poem that praises or glorifies nature, people, or abstract ideas. Generally, its subject is treated respectfully. The stanza form or the structure of an ode differs from one another. A classical ode is structured according to three major sections: strophe, antistrophe, and epode. Other than these three, there are different forms of odes such as homostrophic ode and irregular ode.
颂歌是一种抒情诗节。这是一首结构错综复杂的诗歌，赞美或颂扬自然、人或抽象的思想。一般来说，它的主题受到尊重。一首颂歌的节形式或结构彼此不同。古典颂歌由三个主要部分构成：strophe、antistrophe 和 epode。除了这三种外，还有不同形式的颂歌，如同调颂歌和不规则颂歌。
Originally, Greek odes were poetic pieces performed along with the music. However, whether these odes were sung with or without musical instruments or just recited, after some time, they came to be known as personal lyrical compositions. The lyre and the aulos are the frequently used musical instruments when odes are sung.
**初，希腊颂歌是与音乐一起演奏的诗歌作品。然而，无论这些颂歌是用乐器还是不用乐器演唱，还是只是背诵，一段时间后，它们都被称为个人抒情作品。七弦琴和 aulos 是唱颂歌时经常使用的乐器。
An elegy is a special type of lyric that usually expresses woe, despair, and grief. It is typically a lamentation for the dead. However, it can also be a lament for the lost love, misery, failure and the past. In most elegies, the poet starts from his personal bereavement and then gradually moves on to the futility of life and human suffering.
The key difference between ode and elegy is that ode praises or glorifies someone or something while elegy mourns over the loss of someone or something. An ode is formal and elaborate in style with little personal involvement, whereas an elegy contains a lamentation over the loss of someone or something and then a conclusion to console the listener.
An ode is a lyrical poem that praises and glorifies its subject. It has a formal and elaborate structure. It treats its subject reverently. Odes can be sung or merely recited with or without music. An elegy is a poem that laments over the death or loss of someone or something. It mourns over things like lost love, failure, and departure and contains emotions like sorrow, misery, grief and woe. It is more personal in nature. Usually, the poet starts the elegy with a personal loss and moves to the futility of life, then praise the subject and finally the conclusion to console the reader. Thus, this is the key difference between ode and elegy.